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Architecting Persistent Memory Systems

Series: Department Seminar

Speaker: Prof. Aasheesh Kolli Pennsylvania State University and VMware Research

Date/Time: Jan 03 11:30:00

Location: CSA Seminar Hall (Room No. 254, First Floor)

Faculty Advisor:

Abstract:
Persistent Memory (PM) technologies (also known as Non-Volatile RAM, e.g., Intel’s 3D XPoint) offer the exciting possibility of disk-like durability with the performance of main memory. Persistent memory systems provide applications with direct access to storage media via processor load and store instructions rather than having to rely on performance-sapping software intermediaries like the operating system, aiding the development of high-performance, recoverable software. For example, I envision storage software that provides the safety and correctness of a conventional database management system like PostgreSQL and the performance of an in-memory store like Redis. However, today’s computing systems have been optimized for block storage devices and cannot fully exploit the benefits of PMs. Designing efficient systems for this new storage paradigm requires a careful rethink of computer architectures, programming interfaces, and application software. While maintaining recoverable data structures in main memory is the central appeal of persistent memories, current systems do not provide efficient mechanisms (if any) to do so. Ensuring the recoverability of these data structures requires constraining the order of PM writes, whereas current architectures are designed to reorder memory accesses, transparent to the programmer, for performance. In this talk, I will introduce recently proposed programming interfaces, called persistency models, that will allow programmers to express the required order of PM writes. Then, I will present my work on developing efficient hardware implementations to enforce the PM write order prescribed by persistency models and tailoring software for these new programming interfaces.

Speaker Bio:
Aasheesh Kolli is an assistant professor at Pennsylvania State University and an affiliated researcher with VMware Research. His interests are in computer systems architecture; his work includes processor architectures, memory subsystems, programming interfaces, and systems software. His recent research focuses on designing next-generation memory systems, particularly on persistent memory and disaggregated memory systems. Aasheesh received his PhD (2017) and MS (2013) from the University of Michigan, and his BE (2011) from BITS-Pilani in India. His work has resulted in multiple research papers, including the best paper award, at venues like SOSP, ISCA, ASPLOS, and MICRO. He was awarded the 2018 ACM SIGARCH/IEEE CS TCCA Outstanding Dissertation Award.

Host Faculty: Arkaprava Basu